The research team of obstetrician and gynecologist William Masters — and his then-wife, psychologist and sex therapist Virginia Johnson — pioneered the study of human sexual response. Their research helped to debunk myths concerning male and female sexual performance, to redefine society's definition of "normal" sexual behavior, to change both male and female expectations for sexual performance and sexual satisfaction, to encourage development of the sex therapy profession, and to coin much of the descriptive language used in modern discussions of sex behavior and sexual response. They also pioneered the use of direct observation as a research technique for the study of sexual behavior.
While Virginia Johnson, was born as Virginia Eshleman on February 11, in Springfield, Missouri, she came to be known as the research assistant, wife, and former wife of William H. Masters, M. Masters was a gynecologist on faculty at George Washington University in St.
John Powers. Way back in the s — before people tweeted snapshots of their privates or posted their hookup diaries online — it was considered inappropriate to talk too much about sex. The guardians of culture treated it as something better kept in the dark.
Sex therapy is a specific type of counseling designed to treat sexual problems affecting both individuals and couples. While there is no magic cure, proper treatment can diagnose the underlying issues which lead to unhealthy sexual relationships. Once a proper diagnosis has been made, a treatment plan can be outlined with the goal being to achieve a healthy sexual balance.
The Masters and Johnson collection documents the work of William Masters and Virginia Johnson, who transformed society's understanding of sexual response and sex therapy. The collection was donated by Virginia Johnson and her family. It includes letters, records, correspondence, research papers, media coverage, books, paintings, awards, and certificates.
William Masters and Virginia Johnson born were two researchers who took a biological and feminist approach to their studies of the human sexual response, which they performed from until the early s. In this method, subjects were observed as they were engaging in a variety of sexual activities which included masturbation, stimulation of the breasts, and sexual intercourse with a partner Kolodny, They used various measurement devices to measure muscular and vascular responses to sexual arousal.
Although sexual dysfunctions have been treated by a wide array of different therapies, this entry concentrates on the most commonly used techniques in sex therapy. Until the s, the predominant approach to the treatment of sexual dysfunction was psychoanalysis. Sexual problems were viewed as symptoms of emotional conflict originating in childhood.
Further research and improved medical testing since their claim has shown impotence caused purely by psychological issues to be closer to 40 percent to 50 percent. Masters and Johnson noted that having several experiences of impotence could cause men to withdraw from sexual activity entirely in an attempt to avoid the frustration and embarrassment of being unable to achieve or maintain an erection. Inadequate communication and fear related to only talking about sexual issues complicates the problem of male impotence, as well as female orgasmic inadequacy. However, Masters and Johnson reported great success in treating impotence, especially when it had its roots in fear of failure and performance anxiety.
By Dustin Rowles Lists September 11, To goose your interest in the Showtime series, I have included 10 quick real-life facts about Masters and Johnson, some of which we have already seen play out, while others we can expect to see in the future of the series. Despite the initially creepy nature of their relationship in Masters of Sex15 years after the study began, Masters would eventually leave his wife and marry Virginia Johnson.